Project implementation Unit, Baku, Azarbaijan
Farzad Rostamifar, Arash Boustani
Depaertment of history and culture of azarbayjan country
Garabaghlar Tomb Complex consists of a double minaret, the remains of the religious building, which is connected to the head of the two minarets, and the tomb. Experts noted that the double minarets were built in XII-XIII centuries and the tomb was built in the XIV century. The Garabaghlar Tomb consists of a quay and a memorial monument. The roof was twelve angles and the walls were made of stone, and the dome was built of bricks. The overland part of the tomb is composed of 12 semicircles constructed on stone pedestrians. The surface of the tomb is decorated with turquoise-colored eyebrows and geometric ornaments.
Inside the semicircles, the quadrature of the Arabic alphabet
«lilulahalillah Muhammad from Rasûlallah» (there is no God except Allah, Muhammad (saas) is repeated). Corresponding member of ANASVali Bakhshaliyev said during the conversation that such an ornament was used in Barda tomb built in 1322. That is why some researchers have said that the Garabagh tomb and the Barda tomb architect are the same person. Vali Bakhshaliyev also noted that the structure of Garabagh tomb is different:
«One of the unique architectural characteristics of the tomb is that it is 4th. These headquarters were oriented to the north, south, west and east directions, to the four corners of the globe and provided the perfect view of the tomb. It is likely that the four main structures of the tomb were linked to past beliefs.
Garabaghlar Tomb Complex has a special place in the monuments included in the list of pearls of world architecture. The monument is one of the rare works of the medieval Azerbaijani architecture.
French director Jan Claude Forestier, who recently visited the autonomous republic, notes on his calameo.com portal: «The area is small, but is rich in architecture. The subtle and geometric details of these monuments built in the majority of the territory are Muslim and Turkish. The monuments have been restored in a very perfect way. The director who visits the Garabagh tomb, notes that this complex is one of the most spectacular among the monuments of Azerbaijan: The monument is one of the most prestigious parking lots on the historical Silk Road and the only one with at least 40 minarets.
An example of the continuity of the architectural school of Ajami Nakhchivan, architect of Ahmed Nakhchivani›s architecture, similar to the architectural structure of the Garabagh Tomb Complex and similar features of the ancient Azerbaijani memorial architecture.
The surface of the heads is embossed with geometric and floral styles. In the upper part of the half- cylinders which form the body of the tomb, remains of scarves have been preserved. It is likely that these inscriptions are the words derived from the Koran. Such inscriptions are found in architectural monuments and gravest monumental buildings